9 Indonesian Wood that is Often Used to Make Crafts
Previously it was mentioned about 16 types of wood in Indonesia that are often used for furniture making, handicrafts, and building construction. In this article we will discuss wood which is often used to make products or crafts. The wood is:
Sengon or Albasia wood is a typical tropical wood and can easily be found in various material stores in the form of rafters or boards. Albasia wood, including soft wood and difficult to finish immediately, its hairy nature and large porous and easily broken makes this wood can not be directly used as material for making products. However, Albasia’s increasing demand from year to year provides evidence that the uses and benefits realized by these timber producers are also expanding. In fact, this easy-to-use wood is used as the main ingredient for processed wood such as plywood and blockboards, ice cream sticks, pencils, lighters with paper raw materials. Albasia wood boards and beams are often found as temporary building materials and supports, used for packaging on shipping or pallets for goods. Dirty white color mixed with brown without veins, large pores and soft.
Fragrant, that’s the first impression you get from Cendana. Being one of the commercial timber with high selling prices, sandalwood has advantages that other woods do not have. Sandalwood is able to emit a natural scent that makes it included in the list of the most expensive wood prices in the world. Sandalwood is wood with the highest market demand to date. Wood which is often used as raw material for incense, balm, perfume, aromatherapy fragrances and handicraft products is actually not a tall tree and can even be called a parasite. Sandalwood trees only grow to a diameter of up to 15 meters with a stem of only 30 cm, are difficult to cultivate and take a long time to harvest but are very popular in the market making this wood relatively expensive, even sold at the price of one kilogram. in Indonesia Cendana Putih can thrive in NTT (East Nusa Tenggara) and has been an export commodity for a long time. Sandalwood can also be used as a raw material for making herbal medicines. Since ancient times, sandalwood has been widely used as a herbal remedy such as anti-inflammatory, preventing dysentery, and as a cleanser during menstruation. Besides sandalwood is also beneficial for beauty, sandalwood oil has many ingredients that are useful for removing black spots on the skin, preventing the appearance of pimples, cleaning oil, to overcome the problem of blackheads.
Ironwood, also called bulian or iron wood, is a typical Kalimantan plant. Ironwood can grow to a diameter of 50cm to more than 1 meter. Ironwood is known to be very resistant to changes in temperature, humidity, not easily eaten by termites and the influence of water because it is heavy and hard. In addition, Ulin Wood is also often used by local residents to be used as handicraft materials such as sculptures for jewelry. Ironwood wood stumps can also be used as carving materials with high selling points. In fact, fossilized ironwood that has been petrified in the forest can also be used as material for making jewelry. Rumors, textures, and scrapes of iron wood are more exotic than gemstones. Ironwood raw material is also easily available and lighter for jewelry manufacturing work. In addition, ironwood seeds and fruit are beneficial for health. Ironwood seeds have medicinal properties. Seeds that have been mashed can be used as a medicine for swelling, can also be to blacken the hair, such as polishing.
Wood that has the Latin name Diospyros Celebica, is now quite rare. The combination of black and brown with contrasting veins on wood which is well known as Macassar Ebony and Black Ebony makes it a wood that is highly hunted by Japanese, European and American people. This timber export activity peaked in 1973 with a total of 26,000 m3 and has continued to decline until now determined by the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species and 2000 WCN (World Conservation Union) as protected wood. Eboni can grow up to 40 m in diameter up to 1 meter and is a strong class 1 and class 1 wood with an average specific gravity of 1.05 (0.90-1.14), with this particular weight the wood is classified as heavy and can’t float on water. Wood with exotic veins is often used as a raw material for making musical instruments such as guitars, pianos to violins. This wood is also used as a stick, carving, sculpture and also jewelry.
Wood that has the Latin name Cinnamomum camphora is called camphor wood because it smells like mothballs. Originally from the tropics, camphor wood is mostly found on the island of Borneo, especially in Samarinda. But over time, camphor wood began to be planted in subtropical areas. Physically, camphor wood has a tree size of generally 20-30 meters with a diameter of 0.6-1.2 meters. Wood fiber is dominated by straight or wavy fiber patterns. Its texture feels rough to the touch and quite shiny when seen because mothballs have a moderate level of luster. camphor wood has good durability so it lasts up to 10-15 years. Not only that, this wood has a certain level of resistance to certain insect pests. Of the many camphor wood in Kalimantan, camphor wood from Samarinda includes good quality camphor wood. Samarinda camphor wood has beautiful fibers so finishing is no longer needed. Despite having good durability, camphor wood also has disadvantages, especially when used for a long time and exposed to water because camphor wood can absorb water and shrink. Therefore, this material is not suitable as a basic material for making doors and windows of houses. Now the use of camphor is increasingly widespread and also made synthetic with turpentine. In addition to fragrance, mothballs are also used to preserve corpses and are not favored by pests. Likewise camphor wood, this wood including wood that is resistant to pests so much in demand by many people.
6. PINE & FIR
Basically, pine and fir trees have different physical characteristics and Latin names, but the wood pattern is not very significant. fir wood has a more prominent color than pine wood, fir wood looks redder and thicker than pine wood which is yellow and brighter. In addition, fir wood has many (eyes) because there are more branches than Pine. Planting pine is relatively easy, because pine trees have aggressive and invasive properties so they are very easy to grow. This is very beneficial for industrial entrepreneurs, because almost all parts of pine, such as logs, leather, sap, and leaves have economic benefits. Some products that can be produced from pine trees are paper and stationery (pencils), raw materials for containers (pallets) and fertilizer mixing materials.
In addition, Pine and fir wood are known to be soft and perishable, poor wood density is actually used for wood products that require light processes, such as making lighters and wooden pallets for shipping. Pine and fir wood, including level III wood that is strong and durable. Pine and pine wood have a density of 480-520 kg / m3 and MC moisture content of 12% and require 12-15 days for drying.
7. PALM WOOD
Palm wood has a style like Coconut Wood, but the difference in contrast can be seen from the colors that are much darker than Coconut Wood. Aren, Enau, Hanau, Peluluk, Moka and many more names for this plant. Has a tree that can grow up to 25 m in diameter up to 65cm. coconut trunk that can be used as a board is the outside direction up to 10cm inward direction. While the inside is more easily damaged because it is more soft. In addition to the trunk, we know that palm wood as a producer of brown sugar, palm or palm. Not a few who turn palm sugar into palm wine in various regions in Indonesia because the sap is fermented quickly in the air. In areas such as Sulawesi, Aren wood is usually used as boards, knife handles, hoe handles and core wood for water distribution.
In various parts of the world, coconut wood has been used as a material for various purposes because of its abundance in nature. Starting from handicrafts such as ashtrays, trays, bowls, gazebos, to furniture, Coconut Wood becomes Wood that almost everyone knows. Coconut wood has been used as a pole to build bridges because of its strength. This wood has a unique style, a combination of dark brown and light brown contrast in a straight line. Coconut wood fiber is quite short so that the boards processed from coconut wood look like short strokes. Dark colored fibers are harder fibers than lighter fibers. Coconut wood is classified as Class II and III Strong Wood with a specific gravity of 0.5 to 0.9 depending on the age of the tree. The density of coconut wood is 400 kg / m3 with stem diameter up to 50cm and almost straight up. One of the final products from Coconut Wood which is currently a mainstay of export products is the Coconut Wood parquet. Coconut Wood Parquet is currently a mainstay of the European market because it is one of the processed wood products that received the Eco Labeling title. This wood can be processed well using a machine but it is difficult to be preserved because of dense wood.
Here it is Rosewood Indonesia, Sonokeling, Sonobrit, Sonosungu or Sanakeling is wood that has a beautiful pattern, dark brown color with black grooves makes this wood look very exotic. Sonokeling Wood Trees can grow up to 40 meters in diameter up to 2 meters. This tree can be found in Central and East Java, especially in rocky and rather dry areas. Sonokeling wood is used to make various types of products, ranging from furniture, musical instruments, to sports equipment. With a specific gravity of 0.77-0.86 with a moisture content of 15%, this wood also includes beautiful grade 1 wood, durable class I wood, and strong class II wood. Because Sonokeling is hard wood, it is often used as a construction material and as a material for making strong luxury frames. Sonokeling wood which also has a low moisture content and is sufficient to produce wood oil is also known to be resistant to termites and wood rot fungus. Sonokeling wood since 1998 is listed as protected wood because it is endangered, because it is wise to use it and use it effectively and efficiently is a must for its users.