Types Of Wood Finishing

 Every furniture product, of course, in the final stage will go through a finishing process. This process is useful to give a beautiful appearance to furniture products that have been made, and also to cover some of the weaknesses of wood in terms of color, texture and durability in terms of impact and weather conditions. There are various types of wood finishing. Based on the type of material, there are 2 types of CAT finishing for solid and processed wood, namely Transparent and Non-Transparent.

1.     Transparency Layer

a.       Camphor

Usually in the form of flakes or bars melted with alcohol. But some are ready to use with the right alcohol composition. Polisher is applied by using cloth that is Polished Periodically On The Surface Of The Wood. The Camphor Application Can Be repeated periodically if the color has faded.

b.      Nitro Cellulose (Nc)

Made from NC resin and thinner. This material will form a waterproof film, but not strong enough to withstand scratches or physical impact. NC is applied with an air spray or brush.

c.       Melamik

Provides a better film coating than NC. Melamic coated wood surface becomes very smooth because the wood pores are closed. This material is harder to coated and will smell sharply after application. There are 2 finishing options, namely matt and glossy. Application with spray or brush.

d.      Polyurethane (PU)

It is the thickest type of final film. It looks like a layer of plastic so it makes the wood unnatural. Its resistance to heat and water is very good, making PU suitable for exterior furniture.

e.        Water Based Lacquer

Using pure melted water and resin left on the surface of the wood. Waterproof and scratch coating. This bhan is liked by consumers from Europe.

2.     The Layer Is Not Transparent

This material will cover 100% of the entire surface of the wood and hide its original appearance. The physical form can be in the form of paint duco and coating (laminate) in the form of sheets or rollers.

a.       Duco Paint

 Is a method of spraying duco paint on the surface of furniture. The color varies such as striking shapes and colors. Suitable for modern and minimalist furniture and children’s furniture. The price is relatively expensive and when painted, original fiber cannot be returned. The application uses a spray or brush. With current technological and design advancements, various motifs can be made from this paint, such as stone, marble, thousands of broken motifs as well as silver, copper and gold motifs.

b.      Laminate

Is a method of finishing furniture by attaching a coating on the surface of the furniture. The coating process uses special wood glue, such as yellow glue. Commonly used coatings include veneers, PVC, decosites, tacons, HPL.

c.       Layer

Made of thin wood fiber. The motive depends on the type of wood; there are teak, sungkai, nyatoh, camphor or mahogany motifs. The furniture that is covered with this resembles real wood so it looks very natural. Sold in rolls with a width of 10-20 cm, the price is relatively more expensive.

d.       Hpl (High Pressure Laminate)

Made of a mixture of Acrylic and wood. The outer layer resembles wood and contains wood fiber, but the back is acrylic. HPL is usually in the form of sheets measuring 120 cm x 240 cm and 3 mm thick. The variety of motifs and colors is quite a lot and the surface is textured. Prices vary depending on brand and motif. Plain colors are relatively inexpensive and silver colors are the most expensive. The advantage of HPL is that it contains elements of wood, suitable for those who want to display natural wood colors. This material is strong (because it is thick enough) and elastic so that it can be bent to coat the edges of the furniture.

e.       Pvc (Polyvinyl Carbonate)

 Is a sheet-shaped layer and is made of plastic. Its surface is smoother than material from other plastics, such as tacon and decosive. Sheets are 120 cm x 240 cm and 3 mm thick. Color choices are limited, there are only chocolate and its derivative colors. The price is relatively cheap.

f.       Decosheet

 Made of plastic material, thinner than tacon. The roll is shaped with a height of 120 cm, thickness is less than 1 mm, while the length is unlimited. Has a fairly diverse motives. The price is cheaper than other types of laminate.

g.       Tacon / Tacosheet


 Same as Decosheet, made of plastic. The roll is shaped with a height of 120 cm, thickness is less than 1 mm, while the length is unlimited. There are quite a variety of motifs and textured surfaces.