Article

Sonokeling Wood, Luxury Javanese Original Wood

This is a tree with wood that is so strong, deep black, and is often used for household furniture. The sonokeling tree is called. For the wood industry, Sonokeling wood is known to have excellent quality, both in terms of texture and wood fiber as well as strength and durability. The texture or pattern of Sonokeling wood fiber is very beautiful with purplish black or purplish black lines with a reddish brown color.

Sonokeling wood (or Sanakeling) is known as luxury wood originating from the island of Java, Indonesia. Together with teak wood, Sonokeling became excellent. Besides having a very good and strong durability, this wood texture is unique and beautiful. Not surprisingly, the price is expensive. Unfortunately, this native plant of Indonesia (Java) is starting to be hard to find in its natural habitat, the IUCN Red List lists it as a vulnerable species. The Latin name of this plant is Dalbergia latifolia Roxb., With the synonym name Amerimnon latifolium (Roxb.) Kuntze and Dalbergia emarginata Roxb. In English it is known by several names such as Indonesian Rosewood, Bombay Blackwood, Indian Rosewood, Malabar Rosewood, and Java Palisander. Whereas in Indonesia Sonokeling is sometimes called Linggota, Sono Sungu, or Sonobrit.

Sonokeling or Sanakeling is a hardwood-producing plant of the Leguminosae family (also called Fabaceae). The tree is medium to large with a height reaching between 20-40 meters. The stem is able to have a diameter of up to 1.5 meters. Pepagan (outer skin) brownish gray with longitudinal cracked cracks, odd pinnate compound leaves. Consisting of 5-7 leaflets that are alternating, the size of the leaves of children is not the same. The shape dull wide, green above and grayish at the bottom. During the dry season, Sonokeling kills the leaves. The Sonokeling tree (Dalbergia latifolia) has small-sized flowers with a length of about 0.5-1 cm. Flowers are collected in panicles that grow in the armpits. Sonokeling fruit in the form of brown pods with lancet shape elongated and tapered at the base and tip. Fruits that contain 1-4 brown beans which are rather soft.

Sonokeling is a native plant of Indonesia that grows in central and eastern Java. Its natural distribution globally, besides Indonesia, is in India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh) and Nepal. The habitat is a tropical rain forest with a height below 600 meters above sea level. It grows in groups, especially in rocky, dry, and infertile areas that experience periodic drought. Besides having a fine texture and ornamental wood fiber, Sonokeling wood is also known to have a high level of strength and durability, especially in wood patio areas. Sonokeling wood is resistant to termites, insects, and other wood-damaging fungi without the use of preservatives. With these advantages, Sonokeling wood is considered worthy of luxury wood with high economic value. Even the quality is considered almost the same as teak wood. So this type of wood is often used in the furniture industry, handicrafts, and other household furniture industries. Also used as prime quality plywood coatings for parquet floors (hardwood floors). With its high economic value, making the exploitation of these plants a major threat to the sustainability of the Sonokeling tree. The population of sonokeling trees in the wild continues to decline even tends to be difficult to find. Therefore the IUCN Red List lists these plants as Vulnerable species since 1998.